Different tax rules apply to different types of workers. Tax return dates may vary, as do the types of forms to be submitted by workers and payers. Here's how the CRA defines whether you're an employee or self-employed.
The worker-paying relationship determines the status if a worker is an employee or self-employed. Among other criteria, the CRA defines a self-employed individual as a worker who:
The CRA also considers the ownership and control of tools and equipment. Whether property is leased or rented also affects rates, deductions and credits. Taxpayers are responsible for knowing which deductions to claim. Revenu Quebec asks workers and payers to define their contract according to the Civil Code. A contract of employment (article 2085) means the worker agrees to carry out duties as directed by the employer. A contract of enterprise or for services entails no subordinate relationship between worker and payer (article 2099).
This category of workers is subject to particular rules with regard to income tax, Canada Pension Plan, and Employment Insurance. They may be employees or self-employed. These special situations may include: