The IRS announced the federal standard mileage rates for 2023:
You can use the IRS mileage rate to calculate your mileage deduction. You simply keep a log of your business mileage for the year, then multiply your business miles by the business rate to come up with your deduction.
The IRS knows there’s a cost for running your vehicle for business and it lets taxpayers deduct a portion of that cost with the standard mileage rate.
The IRS determines the standard mileage rate based on fixed and variable costs of operating a vehicle for a year. The standard mileage rate includes costs like gasoline, wear-and-tear and depreciation.
No, you can deduct the actual costs of running your business car using the actual expense method. This typically requires more record-keeping than the mileage deduction but can sometimes lead to a larger deduction.
Keep in mind, you cannot use the business standard mileage rate after you’ve used the actual expense method.
The standard mileage rate is revisited each year by the Internal Revenue Service. The rate is determined by the fixed and variable costs of operating a vehicle in a given tax year. The prior rates include:
2022: 58.5 cents for the first six months of the year, 62.5 cents for the remaining six months.
2021: 56 cents for miles driven for business
2020: 57.5 cents for business miles
2019: 58 cents for business miles
2018: 54.5 cents for business miles
The self-employed can deduct their business mileage on taxes. W2 employees can no longer deduct their unreimbursed work mileage on their taxes.
W2 workers may potentially deduct charity or medical mileage but check with your tax professional on eligibility requirements.