Taxes

What are the IRS standard mileage rates for 2020?

Marin Perez

The IRS announced the federal standard mileage rates for 2020:

  • 57.5 cents per business mile, which is down one half cent from 2019
  • 17 cents per mile driven for medical or moving, which is down three cents from 2019
  • 14 cents per mile for charity drives, which is flat from last year.

How can you use the standard mileage rate for your taxes?

You can use the IRS mileage rate to calculate your mileage deduction. You simply keep a log of your business mileage for the year, then multiply your business miles by the business rate to come up with your deduction.

How does the IRS determine the mileage rate?

The IRS knows there’s a cost for running your vehicle for business and it lets taxpayers deduct a portion of that cost with the standard mileage rate.

The IRS determines the standard mileage rate based on fixed and variable costs of operating a vehicle for a year. The standard mileage rate includes costs like gasoline, wear-and-tear and depreciation.

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Do I have to use the standard mileage rate for my auto deduction?

No, you can deduct the actual costs of running your business car using the actual expense method. This typically requires more record-keeping than the mileage deduction but can sometimes lead to a larger deduction.

Keep in mind, you cannot use the business standard mileage rate after you’ve used the actual expense method.

How has the standard mileage rate changed over time?

YearRate Per MileDates Covered202057.5 cents1/01/20-12/31/20201958 cents1/01/19-12/31/19201854.5 cents1/01/18-12/31/18201753.5 cents1/01/17-12/31/17201654 cents1/01/16-12/31/16201557.5 cents1/01-15-12/31/15201456 cents1/01/14-12/31/14201356 cents1/01/13-12/31/13201255.5 cents1/01/12-12/31/12201151 cents1/01/11-12/31/11

Who can deduct their business mileage on taxes?

The self-employed can deduct their business mileage on taxes. W2 employees can no longer deduct their unreimbursed work mileage on their taxes.

W2 workers may potentially deduct charity or medical mileage but check with your tax professional on eligibility requirements.

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